Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)’04 uses the term emotional disturbance to describe students with emotional or behavioral disorders, which is the special education category under which students whose behavioral or emotional responses are not typical are served. Both general definitions as well as concrete diagnosis of Emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) may be controversial as the observed behavior may depend on many factors.
If, a child is unable to comprehend his/her studies after repeated efforts, then the teacher must not ignore this sign. However, the conclusion must not be based on one attempt. A teacher’s remark is significant because she deals with numbers of students each year, and hence has sharp observation skills as compared to parents and other family members. A teacher can easily identify the problem of a student and can confirm and also help the students to resolve it through various interaction methods. Schools can be the best way of addressing the problem, as in 2003-2004, 484,000 plus children were treated for emotional disturbance through schools.
Although many children suffer from emotional disturbance, yet it is a fact that identifying takes some time, and acceptance is even more difficult on the part of parents. Check out some common traits of emotional and behavioral disturbance in children.
- Children with emotional and behaviour disturbance are every so often impulsive by nature, can be very easily abstracted, and can have deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Aggression in such children is a most common characteristic; their aggression can be toward objects, others or on self. Young children exhibit by annoying or bullying their friends.
- It is a delusion that children can’t have depression as they don’t know how to express their feelings; they themselves don’t know that they are depressed and thus it becomes quite difficult to identify depression in children. The lack of depression diagnosis in children is because they cannot explain well what they are feeling.
- Anxiety disorders are also tough to identify in children, and this can be resulted at a higher risk of being remained as untreated due to unawareness. Some common traits of anxiety disorders are intense anxiety and fear, it can happen when a child get separated from family, friends, school or a familiar environment.
- Such children can become stubborn and disobedient, especially when they are reacting to something. They become more violent when they are stopped from an act like beating others.
- Learning Disabilities is an easily identified symptom; children with emotional disabilities face difficulties in learning. About 30 to 50% of youth in correctional facilities have learning disabilities.
- Eating Disorders is another symptom of being getting behavioral disturbance; it is quite more common in teenage girls than boys. Eating disorders ensue when an individual is exaggeratedly anxious and conscious with his or her looks, weight and body.
- Schizophrenia is a dangerous and serious sign of emotional disturbance but it does not occur often. Schizophrenia symptoms include disconnected thoughts, hallucinations, and delusions. Children struggling with schizophrenia usually live in a special hospital or educational setting.
- Bedwetting and sleep disturbances are amongst the most clear cut situations that could alarm a parent about something wrong happening in their children, and such signs must never be ignored.
- Children facing behavioral disturbance usually find difficult to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with teachers.
With so many signs and symptoms and several causes, it is quite difficult to identify the children or individuals with emotional disturbance, but we can try our best. Handling children with extra care and love can help to solve such cases. Some children need more attention that the others do. They need more support to evade any fears that have been inculcated in them to boost their confidence levels.